What Is Glucobay?
glucobay is used to treat type 2 diabetes. Normally, your pancreas releases insulin into the blood stream after you eat. Insulin is used by all the cells in your body to help turn the food you eat into energy. This is done by using glucose (sugar) in the blood as quick energy. When you have type 2 diabetes, insulin is still produced by your pancreas, but the amount of insulin produced may not be enough or your body may not be using it properly and you may still need more. Because of this, the insulin is not able to lower your blood sugar properly and you will have too much sugar in your blood. Acarbose lowers your blood sugar by preventing the breakdown of starch into sugar. It may be used alone or in combination with another type of oral diabetes medicine called a sulfonylurea
How Should I Use Glucobay?
Use Glucobay as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions. Take Glucobay uses by mouth at the start (with the first bite) of each main meal. If you also take charcoal or digestive enzyme preparations (eg, amylase, pancreatin), ask your doctor or pharmacist how to take them with Glucobay. If you miss a dose of Glucobay, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once. Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Glucobay.
Acarbose side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
- severe constipation;
- severe stomach pain, diarrhea that is watery or bloody;
- easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots under your skin; or
- liver problems–nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, tired feeling, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).
Common glucobay side effects may include:
- stomach discomfort, gas, bloating;
- mild diarrhea; or
- mild skin rash or itching.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed glucobay dose as soon as you remember (be sure to take it with a meal). If it has been longer than 15 minutes since you started your meal, you may still take acarbose but it may be less effective than taking it with the first bite of the meal. Do not take acarbose between meals, and do not take extra medicine to make up a missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
- Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
- In case of acarbose dose do not eat or drink anything containing carbohydrates for the next 4 to 6 hours.